Among the many features of SalonQP 2015 was the “Inside a Second” presentation of chronographs introduced in partnership with the Foundation de la Haute Horlogerie . The presentation incorporated the George Daniels co-axial four-minute tourbillon with Daniels’ compact chronograph mechanism; that would have been sufficient chronograph for me without help from anyone else, yet there were many more.
According to the Foundation de la Haute Horlogerie (FHH), “A chronograph is a watch that records elapsed time. This capacity, the most familiar and easy to-utilize ‘complication’ in wristwatches, is also famously complex to design and has shaped the basis for quite possibly the most vibrant and desirable kinds in watchmaking.”
And as you will see from the watches featured underneath, many chronographs are among the most notable and desirable watches of both yesterday and today.
The “Inside a Second” display at SalonQP was partitioned into three parts:
- A course of events showing how the measurement of time evolved
- A display of a portion of the important chronographs all through history
- A display of leading chronographs available today
Here we will zero in on the display of a portion of the important chronographs all through ongoing history.
On September 1, 1821, French watchmaker Nicolas Rieussec to the royalty utilized another instrument he had created to time horse races, following a commission from King Louis XVIII.
Rieussec was the first to utilize the term “chronograph,” and his gadget could record up to four sprinters or occasions simultaneously utilizing a guide plunged in ink toward trace the hour of a graph.
It ought to be noted, however, that it has been as of late found that Louis Moinet had actually made the primary chronograph (however he called it a “compteur de tierces”) several years earlier in 1816 (see Discovery, Firsts, And The Louis Moinet Compteur De Tierces ).
This Vacheron Constantin split-seconds chronograph with minute counter and moment repeater from 1895 features a pink gold enamel dial with Roman numerals, 30-minute counter at 12 o’clock, small seconds at 6 o’clock, and an external moment track. The chronograph pusher is in the crown and the split-seconds pusher is looking into the issue band.
As with many wristwatches originating around this timeframe (1915), this Heuer wrist chronograph began life as a ladies’ pocket watch development that has been rotated a couple of degrees. This is one of the most seasoned known wristwatches by Heuer. There is a solitary pusher for stop, start, and reset in the crown.
Breitling was the first to make a wristwatch chronograph with a separate pusher at 2 o’clock for start/pause and reset the elapsed time counters. Up to that point, the pusher was always integrated into the crown.
Breitling recorded a patent for an autonomous chronograph pusher on a pocket watch in 1923, and another patent in 1934 briefly reset pusher. The latter allowed timing to be paused without the need to restart.
While relatively generally secret, this Seiko was in a race with Zenith and Heuer/Breitling/Hamilton to create the primary automatic chronograph. Seiko’s model was released in 1969, the same year the Japanese brand introduced its first quartz-regulated wristwatch.
The Seiko 6139 automatic chronograph was initially just available domestically in Japan. At its heart is the “magic lever” bi-directional winding framework and section wheel, which Seiko actually utilizes today.
Fitted with the Caliber 11 Chronomatic automatic chronograph development created in partnership with Breitling, Büren, and Hamilton and with its water-resistant square case and restricting pushers and crown, the Heuer Monaco was the most radical automatic chronograph of its day.
The Monaco became permanently associated with Steve McQueen after he wore the watch in the engine racing film, Le Mans .
With its now-notable El Primero development, Zenith is generally accepted as having won the battle to become the first in the late 1960s to deliver an automatic winding chronograph. The El Primero development is as yet underway and it remains one of the best chronograph developments at any point made thanks to its high recurrence five-Hertz escapement and top caliber, vigorous design.
The El Primero development featured section wheel control at when competitors were utilizing the more cheaply delivered cam-and-switch development. The quality and reliability of the El Primero was sufficient to attract the attention of Rolex, which began utilizing it in the Daytona model in 1988.
While earlier Cosmograph Daytonas utilized a siphon type pusher for operating the chronograph capacities, screw-down pushers and crowns were produced for later models to increase durability and water resistance.
The Rolex Cosmograph Daytona reference 6265 was created from 1971 through 1988 and featured Rolex Caliber 727, which was based (as all pre-1988 Cosmograph developments were) on the Valjoux 72 chronograph movement.
This was the watch that for many made the chronograph display worth taking a gander at without anyone else, the George Daniels co-axial four-minute tourbillon with Daniels’ compact chronograph mechanism. This was the twenty-third and last pocket watch that Daniels completed. It was built while Daniels was all the while building up the co-axial escapement, and while he was composing his book, The Practical Watch Escapement.
The tourbillon carriage has a four-arm balance with gold adjusting loads with free-sprung overcoil hairspring. The Daniels compact chronograph mechanism is set to one side of the tourbillon carriage and is activated by two gold pushers in the case band.
Over the last ten years, TAG Heuer has built up a progression of idea watches with the aim of ever-greater planning accuracy. Following on from the Mikrotimer idea watch chronographs that could time intervals down to a 1/1000th of a second, in 2012 TAG Heuer introduced the Mikrogirder, which could time intervals down to 1/2000th of a second. This was conceivable by utilizing a 1,000 Hz beam-and-support escapement with a flat spring rather than a traditional spiral spring.
For more information on the “Inside a Second” show, please visit www.salonqp.com/inside-a-second-find the-historical backdrop of-the-chronograph .